Balance is the ability to maintain a controlled body position during task performance, both static (still) and dynamic (moving) activities.
When a child has developmental delays and fails to improve their balance and coordination skills overtime, they may experience gaps in learning and these students might fall easily, trip often or can’t ‘recover’ quickly from being off balance.
With these students, there is often more fidgeting, poor posture and lack of fact retention as they listen to the teacher.
Activities can be done to help improve balance and coordination skills of these students such as:
- Simplify tasks to concentrate on only one movement at a time, until the child is ready to integrate several at once.
- Walking over unstable surfaces (e.g. pillows, bean bags or blankets on the floor) that make the trunk work hard to maintain an upright position.
When children are engaged in games and activities that promote better balance and coordination, their bodies learn to focus faster and more efficiently. It also helps increase the child’s confidence in gross motor activities and enhance their self-esteem.